COVID-19 & Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

COVID-19 & Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

NCD (Non Communicable Disease)

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • physical inactivity
  • unhealthy diet
  • harmful use of alcohol
  • overweight/obesity

Who is at Risk?

People of all age groups, regions and countries are affected by NCDs. These conditions are often associated with older age groups, but evidence shows that 15 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur between the ages of 30 and 69 years.

NCD Statistics

  • Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally.
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually.
  • According to 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS), about 2/3 of Malaysians have at least 1 of 3 NCDs.

Did you know?

! People with pre-existing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the COVID-19 virus.

! Risk of becoming severely ill increases with age

 

Tests offered for NCDs by Pantai Premier Pathology

NCD3 Profile, stands for Non-Communicable Disease (Diabetes, High Cholesterol & CV diseases) includes 4 main screenings:

Lipid Screening:

  • Total Cholesterol
  • HDL-Cholesterol
  • LDL- Cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol/HDL Ratio
Diabetic Screening:

  • Fasting/Random blood glucose
  • Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1C)
Cardiac Screening:

  • Risk Stratification Cardiac Troponin I (RSTROPI)

Obesity Screening:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

 

Reference: 

1) World Health Organization. (2018, June 1). A report on noncommunicable diseases. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases

2) Institute for Public Health (IPH) 2015. National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015 (NHMS 2015). Vol. II: Non-Communicable Diseases, Risk Factors & Other Health Problems; 2015.

3) World Health Organization. (2020). COVID-19 and NCDs. Information Note. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

Water is life

Water is life

Water helps our body to:

  • Keep temperature normal
  • Lubricate and cushion joints
  • Protect spinal cord and other sensitive tissues
  • Get rid of wastes through urination, perspiration, and bowel movements

Our body needs more water when we are:

  • In hot climates
  • More physically active
  • Running a fever
  • Having diarrhea or vomiting

5 tips to help you drink more:

  1. Have a beverage with every snack and meal.
  2. Choose beverages you enjoy; you’re likely to drink more liquids if you like the way they taste.
  3. Eat more fruits and vegetables. Their high-water content will add to your hydration.
  4. Keep a bottle of water with you in your car, at your desk, or in your bag.
  5. Choose beverages that meet your individual needs. If you’re watching calories, go for non-caloric beverages or water.

 

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Obesity in adult

Obesity in adult

Obesity is a complex condition characterized by excess body fat which resulted in excessive weight.

 

Causes of Obesity

There are many factors that can contribute to obesity;

  • Excessive food intake which high in fat and sugar which exceed the daily requirement
  • Lack of exercises and physical activities
  • Age, gender, genetics, internal diseases
  • Taking certain medications such as steroids.

 

Health Risk

Obesity can cause a serious health implication as it can increase the risk of someone getting various disease.

Obese person has a higher risk of getting diabetes, fatty liver, metabolic syndrome, sleep disorder and breathing difficulties. They are also at moderate risk of getting stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, hypertension, gout and arthritis.

 

Prevent Obesity

The best way to reduce obesity is to prevent it. These are things you can do to prevent obesity.

  • Exercise regularly
  • Avoid high sugar and high fat diet
  • Take small amount of food at every meal
  • Drink enough water at least 8 glasses per day
  • Eat when you are hungry and stop before you full
  • Avoid taking heavy meal before sleep or late night
  • Limit amount of television viewing and substitute with exercise session.
  • Monitor you weight once a week

 

 

Source: Kementerian Kesihatan Malaysia (KKM) and WHO

Healthy eating guide on Hari Raya

Healthy eating guide on Hari Raya

  1. Eat small portions and adhere to the “quarter-quarter-half” plate rule
  2. Go low-calorie (eg. fruits) and less-fatty (eg. santan, oil) foods
  3. Choose high fibre food to prevent constipation
  4. Limit the intake of sweet and high-fat food like dodol
  5. Limit consumption of food high in salt like kerepek (eg. banana, tapioca crisps)
  6. Drink plain water instead of soda or sweet drinks

Flow Cytometry Service

Flow Cytometery Service

“The high-performance flow cytometer designed to support routine clinical assays and with exceptional consistency and standardization”.

 

“The flow crossmatch market may be one of the smallest, but standardization has the potential to have one of the greatest clinical impacts. It’s the little things that make a big difference in healthcare.”

– Dr. Robert Bray, Emory University, Atlanta, GA

 

Introduction

  • Flow cytometry is a widely used method for analyzing the expression of cell surface and intracellular molecules, characterizing and defining different cell types in a heterogeneous cell population, assessing the purity of isolated subpopulations and analyzing cell size and volume.
  • It is predominantly used to measure fluorescence intensity produced by fluorescent-labeled antibodies detecting proteins, or ligands that bind to specific cell-associated molecules.

 

The Advantages

  • A single sample, no matter how rare, can show an essential difference.
  • Multicolor analysis provides more answers from a single tube and decreases cost by reducing the number of tubes and reagents required to reach a diagnosis.
  • Runs at rates up to 35,000 events per second, sample carryover ≤ 0.05%.
  • Acquires a large number of events rapidly; useful for rare populations.
  • There is no limit on events acquired.
  • Outstanding resolution at all flow rates.
  • Enables faster detection without compromising quality.
  • Improvement in stain index of 8-190% across all parameters.
  • Better separation enables faster analysis and easier gating.
  • Higher sensitivity makes dim and rare populations easier to resolve.

 

What benefit to Our Clinician

  • This next-generation flow cytometer enables standardization and collaboration through consistent results and unique assay portability and sharing capabilities.
  • Its standardization helps maximize compatibility, interoperability, repeatability and quality that will enable you to maximize clinical performance and ensure accurate as well as reliable results.
  • It has high-performance, highly sensitive flow cytometer excels at assays with dim or rare cell populations, and is available in multiple configurations for flexibility that can adapt to your changing clinical needs.

 

Intended Used

Our Flow Cytometry Service is intended for immunophenotyping using up to 6 colours, and is useful in the diagnosis and monitoring of:

  • Acute & Chronic Leukemia,
  • Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS),
  • Lymphoproliferation,
  • Plasma cell disorders
  • and Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH).

 

References:

  1. FACSLyric Flow Cytometer Brochure
  2. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/cdrh_docs/reviews/K170974.pdf
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