Premier Tips

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that targets the body’s immune system and weakens the individual’s defence against many infections and some types of cancer. HIV remains as a major public health issue globally, having infected an estimated 38 million lives at the end of 2019.
Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide which is responsible for an estimated 9.6 million deaths in 2018. Breast cancer ranks as the second most common cancer and the fifth most common cause of deaths due to cancer globally. In Malaysia, this disease has accounted for 34.1% of all cancer among the females.
Food allergy is a serious public health issue with an increasing prevalence that affects both the children and adults. It occurs when the body has a specific and reproducible immune response to certain foods which can be severe and life-threatening (anaphylaxis).
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.