Update on MERS-CoV

Malaysia reported the first case of MERS-CoV early April 2014 when a 54-years old man killed after travelled to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia for his pilgrimage trip from 15 to 28 March 2014. Up to date, MERS-CoV or also known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus has killed 93 people worldwide while another 252 cases are laboratory-confirmed.

Several Middle East countries have been affected by the virus including Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, and cases with direct or indirect connection to the Middle East have been reported by France, Germany, Britain and Tunisia.

MERS-CoV is a viral respiratory illness caused by coronavirus. It was first reported in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and it is different from other coronavirus found in people before. It is also totally different from SARS virus in 2003. Those who are infected by MERS-CoV may develop severe respiratory illness with symptoms of fever, cough, and shortness of breath.

If you develop these symptoms within 14 days after travelling to Arabian Peninsula or neighboring countries, you are advice to see your healthcare provider and mention your recent travel. Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) advises that people to follow these tips to help prevent respiratory illnesses:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for 20 seconds, and help young children do the same. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid close contact, such as kissing, sharing cups, or sharing eating utensils, with sick people.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces, such as toys and doorknobs.

A Quick Guide for Vitamin Supplementation in Pregnancy

Vitamins are organic compounds essential for normal cell function, growth and development. There are 13 essential vitamins: Vitamin A, C, D, E, K and the B series including B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), and B12 (cobalamin).During pregnancy, physiologic changes can result in increased plasma volume and red blood cells and decreased concentrations of circulating nutrient-binding proteins and micronutrients. Below is a quick guide for vitamin supplementation in pregnancy:

Vitamin viagra pas cher Supplementation

Function

Deficiency

Multivitamins and folic acid
  • Proper development of the human body.
  • Involved in producing the genetic material called DNA and in numerous other bodily functions.
  • Neural tube defects.
  • Congenital anomalies, including cardiovascular defects, limb defects and some paediatric cancers such as leukaemia, paediatric brain tumours and neuroblastoma
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
  • Myelin formation
  • Synthesis of neurotransmitters
  • Haem formation
  • Severe nausea in the first trimester
  • Risk of dental decay in pregnant women
  • Elevated plasma total homocysteine (linked to Cardiovascular Disease)
Vitamin C and Vitamin E
  • Collagen synthesis
  • Wound healing
  • Antioxidant
  • Increase the bioavailability of dietary non-haem iron
  • Anaemia
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Preterm rupture of membranes
  • Fetal growth restriction
Vitamin D
  • Calcium and bone metabolism
  • Infantile rickets
  • Bone mineral accrual in childhood
  • Problem with birth weight
Vitamin K
  • Blood coagulation
  •  Risk of periventricular haemorrhage in the neonates

 

The guidelines here are based on the recommendation from Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologist (RCOG). However, eating a healthy, varied diet in pregnancy will help you to get most of the vitamins and minerals you need.

Pantai Premier Pathology – in support of healthy pregnant women.

Re-evaluating the Significant of HPV DNA Test as a Primary Screening Test for Cervical Cancer.

Georgios Papanikolaou must be shock to hear this. The routine Pap Smear Test that he invented in 1928 will no longer play a crucial role in screening for cervical cancer. Early this year, U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) panel of 13 members has voted unanimously to replace the conventional Pap Smear test with a new advanced Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test as the standard acheter du cialis en ligne of care for American women.

The 13-0 votes-by a committee mainly of academic pathologists, microbiologists and gynecologists said that HPV Test is a vital test to detect the genetic material (DNA) of the virus in a sample of cells from the cervix and help identify women who may be at risk of cervical cancer. The advisory committee also recommended that the age for women to be offered an HPV Test be lowered from 30 to 25 years old.

The FDA is an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services who is responsible for approving laboratory tests before they can be marketed in the U.S. The agency often follows the advice of its advisory committee members- most of them are experts in the field of academic health centers, industry, community practice, and consumer advocates.

Most Cervical Cancers are caused by HPV, a sexually transmitted infection, in particular HPV strains 16 and 18. In Malaysia, Cervical Cancer is the 3rd most frequent cancer among women. About 50% of the cases were diagnosed between the ages of 35 and 55, which are the most economically productive years for women.

In Pantai Premier Pathology, the test simultaneously screens for not only HPV 16 and HPV 18, but also 12 other HPV strains that put women at high risk for Cervical Cancer. Contact us now for more info.