COVID-19 & Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs)

NCD (Non Communicable Disease)

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors.

Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • physical inactivity
  • unhealthy diet
  • harmful use of alcohol
  • overweight/obesity

Who is at Risk?

People of all age groups, regions and countries are affected by NCDs. These conditions are often associated with older age groups, but evidence shows that 15 million of all deaths attributed to NCDs occur between the ages of 30 and 69 years.

NCD Statistics

  • Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally.
  • Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually.
  • According to 2015 National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS), about 2/3 of Malaysians have at least 1 of 3 NCDs.

Did you know?

! People with pre-existing non-communicable diseases (NCDs) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the COVID-19 virus.

! Risk of becoming severely ill increases with age

 

Tests offered for NCDs by Pantai Premier Pathology

NCD3 Profile, stands for Non-Communicable Disease (Diabetes, High Cholesterol & CV diseases) includes 4 main screenings:

Lipid Screening:

  • Total Cholesterol
  • HDL-Cholesterol
  • LDL- Cholesterol
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol/HDL Ratio
Diabetic Screening:

  • Fasting/Random blood glucose
  • Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1C)
Cardiac Screening:

  • Risk Stratification Cardiac Troponin I (RSTROPI)

Obesity Screening:

  • Body Mass Index (BMI)

 

Reference: 

1) World Health Organization. (2018, June 1). A report on noncommunicable diseases. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases

2) Institute for Public Health (IPH) 2015. National Health and Morbidity Survey 2015 (NHMS 2015). Vol. II: Non-Communicable Diseases, Risk Factors & Other Health Problems; 2015.

3) World Health Organization. (2020). COVID-19 and NCDs. Information Note. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

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