A Quick Guide for Vitamin Supplementation in Pregnancy

Vitamins are organic compounds essential for normal cell function, growth and development. There are 13 essential vitamins: Vitamin A, C, D, E, K and the B series including B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6 (pyridoxine), B7 (biotin), B9 (folic acid), and B12 (cobalamin).During pregnancy, physiologic changes can result in increased plasma volume and red blood cells and decreased concentrations of circulating nutrient-binding proteins and micronutrients. Below is a quick guide for vitamin supplementation in pregnancy:

Vitamin viagra pas cher Supplementation

Function

Deficiency

Multivitamins and folic acid
  • Proper development of the human body.
  • Involved in producing the genetic material called DNA and in numerous other bodily functions.
  • Neural tube defects.
  • Congenital anomalies, including cardiovascular defects, limb defects and some paediatric cancers such as leukaemia, paediatric brain tumours and neuroblastoma
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
  • Myelin formation
  • Synthesis of neurotransmitters
  • Haem formation
  • Severe nausea in the first trimester
  • Risk of dental decay in pregnant women
  • Elevated plasma total homocysteine (linked to Cardiovascular Disease)
Vitamin C and Vitamin E
  • Collagen synthesis
  • Wound healing
  • Antioxidant
  • Increase the bioavailability of dietary non-haem iron
  • Anaemia
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Preterm rupture of membranes
  • Fetal growth restriction
Vitamin D
  • Calcium and bone metabolism
  • Infantile rickets
  • Bone mineral accrual in childhood
  • Problem with birth weight
Vitamin K
  • Blood coagulation
  •  Risk of periventricular haemorrhage in the neonates

 

The guidelines here are based on the recommendation from Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologist (RCOG). However, eating a healthy, varied diet in pregnancy will help you to get most of the vitamins and minerals you need.

Pantai Premier Pathology – in support of healthy pregnant women.

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